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# Displaying a random string

string

1 reply to this topic

### #1 RHochstenbach

RHochstenbach

CC Resident

• Advanced Member
• 56 posts

Posted 14 March 2012 - 02:23 PM

The following tutorial is useful to display random strings. Why would you want to do such a thing? One of the uses is displaying a Message of the Day. In this example I will display a random letter from the alphabet.

1. Define an array.
```\$my_array = array();
```

2. Create a key for each string. You don't have to specify an index number (the number inside the brackets [ ] ) for each key, but I am doing so to make the flow better understandable.
```
\$my_array[0] = "A";
\$my_array[1] = "B";
\$my_array[2] = "C";
\$my_array[3] = "D";
\$my_array[4] = "E";
\$my_array[5] = "F";
\$my_array[6] = "G";
\$my_array[7] = "H";
\$my_array[8] = "I";
\$my_array[9] = "J";
\$my_array[10] = "K";
\$my_array[11] = "L";
\$my_array[12] = "M";
\$my_array[13] = "N";
\$my_array[14] = "O";
\$my_array[15] = "P";
\$my_array[16] = "Q";
\$my_array[17] = "R";
\$my_array[18] = "S";
\$my_array[19] = "T";
\$my_array[20] = "U";
\$my_array[21] = "V";
\$my_array[22] = "W";
\$my_array[23] = "X";
\$my_array[24] = "Y";
\$my_array[25] = "Z";

```

3. We need to store the highest index number (in this case '25') in a variable. This array has 26 items, but the highest index number is '25' because arrays start at '0'. So we count the size of the array using count(\$my_array), and then subtract '1' from it.
```\$array_size = count(\$my_array) - 1;
```

4. Now generate a random number between '0' (the lowest number in the array) and the value you've stored in the variable above. This will generate a random index number that matches an index number inside your array.
```\$random_index = mt_rand(0,\$array_size);
```

5. Print the random key by putting the generated number above inside the brackets.
```
echo \$my_array[\$random_index];

```

The complete code:
```
// An array with some text.
// Modify it to contain the random texts it will show.
\$my_array = array();
\$my_array[0] = "A";
\$my_array[1] = "B";
\$my_array[2] = "C";
\$my_array[3] = "D";
\$my_array[4] = "E";
\$my_array[5] = "F";
\$my_array[6] = "G";
\$my_array[7] = "H";
\$my_array[8] = "I";
\$my_array[9] = "J";
\$my_array[10] = "K";
\$my_array[11] = "L";
\$my_array[12] = "M";
\$my_array[13] = "N";
\$my_array[14] = "O";
\$my_array[15] = "P";
\$my_array[16] = "Q";
\$my_array[17] = "R";
\$my_array[18] = "S";
\$my_array[19] = "T";
\$my_array[20] = "U";
\$my_array[21] = "V";
\$my_array[22] = "W";
\$my_array[23] = "X";
\$my_array[24] = "Y";
\$my_array[25] = "Z";

// Get the size of the array for getting the highest index number.
// Arrays start at '0', so we subtract 1 from the total amount.
// Key number '26' will have an index of '25'
\$array_size = count(\$my_array) - 1;

// Generate a number between 0 and the highest index number of the array
\$random_index = mt_rand(0,\$array_size);

// Print the array key with the generated index number
echo \$my_array[\$random_index];

```

• 0

### #2 surajkumardotin

surajkumardotin

CC Regular

• Member
• 29 posts
• Location:Ludhiana
• Programming Language:PHP, JavaScript
• Learning:C, C++, PHP, JavaScript

Posted 18 August 2015 - 11:58 PM

Why are not using array rand() function.

```<?php
echo rand('10','100');
?>
```

Edited by surajkumardotin, 18 August 2015 - 11:59 PM.

• 0

### Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: string

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